“ The most thoroughly hated statesman of his day ”
(Encyclopedia Britannica, 1911)
Hogarth, William (1697 London 1764). The Right Honble. Henry Fox, Lord Holland. Half-length portrait. Etching by Joseph Haynes (Shrewsbury, Shropshire, 1760 – Chester 1829). Inscribed: Pubd. as the Act directs Mar. 19th. 1782, otherwise as above and below resp. 9⅝ × 7⅛ in (24.3 × 18.2 cm).
„ From an original Portrait in Oil by Hogarth in the Possession of Mr. Saml. Ireland,
etched by J. Haynes Pupil to the late Mr. Mortimer. “
Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, (1705-1774), devoted supporter of Sir Robert Walpole and together his most docile pupil in the arts of high politics, was i. a. member of the cabinets of the Duke of Newcastle and the Earl of Bute. As speaker he could take on Pitt. For putting through in parliament in 1763 the Treaty of Paris, which together with the Treaty of Hubertusburg ended the Seven Years’ War, he was raised Baron Holland of Foxley, Wiltshire. Two years later, however, Fox was forced out of the office of the Paymaster of the Forces he had held since 1757 and which had earned him a fortune. Though he could clean himself from the accusation of fraud in the years following, the further promotion to earldom was denied to him and he died sorely disappointed in Holland House as “the most thoroughly hated statesman of his day” (Encyclopedia Britannica, 1911).
Fox furthermore figures in The Times II, like the present portrait published only posthumously by Boydell in 1790, and one of the most concentrated charges of Hogarth’s.
Impression on strong, extremely wide-margined paper from the plate retouched by the royal engraver James Heath (1757 London 1834) about 1822 (“Even these impressions have become relatively rare today though”, Art Gallery Esslingen 1970; and Meyers Konv.-Lex., 4th ed., VIII , 625: “A fine edition”, esteemed also already by contemporary collectors of the rank of for instance an A. T. Stewart [Catalog of the Stewart Collection, New York 1887, 1221, “fine plates”]).
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